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Nucleation is a dynamic process by which atoms or molecules aggregate to form clusters. 

The classical theory of nucleation is based on the assumption that during the initial stages of the transformation, a few molecules rearrange themselves into droplets or nuclei...

A correctly lyophilized cake needs to have uniform appearance, well stocked to the walls of the vial without falling off from it. It should not have cavities at the bottom and the color should be uniform all around the lyophilized cake, maybe presenting slight differen...

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